Fans protest the DFB: How did it come to this, and what’s next?

The new Bundesliga season is underway, but it wasn’t just what happened on the pitch that was noticeable this weekend, but events in the stands that grabbed the attention.

All across the leagues, fan groups led a coordinated protest against the Deutsche Fussball Bund (DFB) with common banners, chants and a combined desire to be heard. It is not uncommon for the Ultras to come up with politicised displays and ways to protest, but what is rare is for so many disparate groups to come together at the same time.

However, the opening matchday of the new season saw the perceived common enemy—the DFB—targeted in a league wide effort. The same “Fick dich DFB” (F*** you DFB) banner was spotted at all Bundesliga stadia over the weekend and the other protest banners unfurled all followed a similar pattern. They outlined the numerous grievances fans have with the German football authorities.

Fan Power

Unlike in many other top leagues the word ‘Verein’ means something much more to German fans and they see themselves as a vital piece of the club and invested with not just passion, but also a legal and moral right to have their say and to protest when they see things developing in a way they see as anti-football.

The situation at Arsenal in the Premier League for example, where the fans have been marginalised and are treated as customers who can be replaced with other customers would not happen in the Bundesliga. Plenty of traditional Premier League fans see this commercialisation, hate it for what it is, but are powerless to stop it.

In essence this is what the weekend protests are about. German fan groups see certain developments and see it as their duty to act against them to protect their traditional Vereine.


The display of anger against the DFB seen on matchday one is just an extension of a long-running sense of dislocation felt by fans and a backlash against the insipid and growing ‘commercialisation’ of football.

Non-traditional kick-off times, personalised tickets, threats to the 50+1 rule on ownership, collective punishments, overseas tours, the plan to allow the Chinese U20 side to play in the German fourth tier, the razzamatazz of the DFB Pokal final (Helene Fischer’s performance) are all issues fans have taken against.

Last season the headlines were all about RB Leipzig and the fans protests (most peaceful, some violent, but all vitriolic) made it clear that the ‘plastic club’ were an abomination to tradition and something to be fought against.

RB (and Hoffenheim) are still going to face hatred, but the weekend protests went deeper than these two clubs.

Us vs Them

But is the DFB really the sinister enemy it is made out to be, and is President Reinhard Grindel really the evil James Bond villain? He and they would like to think not and have offered dialogue with the fans.

“In the past weeks and months, I have been struck by the demonstrations, declarations and protests against teams and their fans,” said President Grindel in a statement released on Wednesday. “That is not what football in Germany stands for. It’s time to stop. It’s time to think.

“Germany is envied around the world for the atmosphere in its stadiums,” he continued. “Fan cultures with their impressive choreographies, creative displays and social engagement create a unique atmosphere. The DFB acknowledges that and we are thankful for it.

“We understand that it’s about more [than a game],” he added. “Football in Germany stands for standing terraces, affordable ticket prices and the 50+1 rule. We are serious about our offer of a renewed dialogue.”

The DFB have announced the end to collective punishments for now meaning that entire fan blocks will not be disciplined for the behaviour of a minority.

What’s Next?

This should be the first step towards a constructive dialogue between the authorities and fans, but it is not the only issues fans want movement on. However it will be case of give and take with fans expected to compromise on the issue of pyrotechnics inside stadia.

The Bundesliga- like it or not- is a very successful and attractive league and plenty of money is there to be made. Many would argue the Bundesliga is superior to the Premier League on so many levels, yet the money generated in England dwarfs what is available to German clubs.

The issue here is between tradition and the need to modernise, between football as a way of life and a marketable product. The DFB have their agenda and the fans have theirs. The protests of the weekend are likely to continue and the way this issue develops this season will be one well worth following with interest.

The following two tabs change content below.

Mathew Burt

A year spent living in Bremen got Mathew hooked on the Bundesliga with regular visits to the Weser Stadion getting in the way of his studies. Back in the UK now, he still keenly follows the Grün-Weißen and German football in general. Follow him on Twitter @matburt74.


  1. Do we want a Chinese team in a German league? We’d be opening the Bundesliga market to China, but the only way this will work is that the Chinese players after they turn 20 could join a Bundesliga team (maybe our Gladbach?). The Deutscher Fussball-Bund is making the best league in the world worse, and worse, and then I will have to watch the Premier League all day once the Bundesliga falls and folds (I watch five Liverpool matches a year because of the 40 year Gladbach-Liverpool friendship), but the Premier League doesn’t have as good a feel as the Bundesliga. Lastly, I have to write my grievances on the ultras/hooligans issue. Hooligans and ultras are a part of the Bundesliga. Even if you ban them they are still a piece of Bundesliga history, and you can’t change that. Verein in German means “union”, and fans – including ultras and hooligans – are part of the union. I love the Bundesliga and all teams in it, even though Gladbach is my team – but the DFB should reconsider what they are doing, destroying German football. If they go through with the plans, the fans will keep protesting, and the DFB will become a fan-run organization. So I have to ask the DFB this question: are you really going to go through with this?

  2. The Bundesliga is no longer on competitive footing with the rest of the World. Investments have ground to a halt. Top German talent is being sold at younger ages. It’s time to modernize. No Bundesliga team made it to an international semifinal last year. Hoffenheim just got destroyed by Liverpool. The current system isn’t working, and it’s time to do something new.

  3. Umer, 3 questions:

    why do feel that international fan bases need to be established?
    Why will it need 50+1 need to be abolished to achieve it?
    How will this benefit the small to medium clubs (eg Freiburg, Mainz & Gladbach, Hamburg) relative to the leagues biggest club(s)?

  4. The fans rightly have their grievances, but Germany has to confront the fact that like Italy it has an Ultra/ hooligan element that needs controlling.

  5. The German fans may not approve of it but I am in favour of abolition of the 50+1 rule. I know it is one of the trademarks of the German football but it’s time to move on. International fan bases need to be established and the circulation of money in football to be increased. That is the only ways the German clubs can match the competition and quality of Premier league clubs and others like Barca Clubs need to be commercialized keeping in mind that fans are not compromised like retaining cheap tickets.

1 Trackback / Pingback

  1. Should MLS worry about entertaining? | US Soccer Players

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.